There's a technique that the illegitimate U.S. establishment has used at least twice to completely overturn important guarantees ass-u-me_d to be solidly grounded in common sense and established in law for ANY free society.
The first is enshrined in The Constitution, particularly like this:
"No Capitation, or other direct, Tax shall be laid, unless in Proportion to the Census or Enumeration hereinbefore directed to be taken." --UNITED STATES CONSTITUTION, Article I, Section 9.Keeping in mind that Article I, Section 9 is more primary and hasn't been repealed, how do you reconcile the 16th Amendment with it -- which seems to completely contradict it? Like this:
"The Congress shall have power to lay and collect taxes on incomes, from whatever source derived, without apportionment among the several States, and without regard to any census or enumeration." --UNITED STATES CONSTITUTION, Article XVI [16th Amendment] (1913)The simple answer, painfully extracted via uphill legal battles through a reluctant legal system, is that the Income Tax was a tax on corporate privilege -- essentially hush money paid for limited liability -- measured by corporate "income," and had nothing at all to do with flesh-and-blood humans, who get no such privilege.
In fact, my grandfather didn't have to pay but the con-job was at that time that it would be "patriotic" if he did. Also it was promoted as a status symbol to make enough money to even make the cut. My grandfather declined to pay and said, according to my mother, that this approach was all a con-job and eventually they'd trick everyone into paying.
And of course, they did.
In fact, if you go to court for "Willful Failure to File" so-called "Personal" Income Tax -- and if you get the corporate privilege arguments right (judges managed to suppress that approach for quite awhile until the Cheek decision) -- the IRS attorney will try to produce a previous tax return of yours and tell the jury that by signing and filing "your" 1040 etc. you have legally volunteered and thus are indeed required to pay.
Now days (2014 A.D.) of course, the whole illegitimate government apparatus conspires to convince and intimidate everyone into "volunteering" even though you can probably still find the dregs of truth in statements like "ours is a voluntary tax system." So, by the use of B.S., legalese, and brute-force intimidation, they've turned previously free Americans into cowed tax slaves.
As Bastiat put it:
"When plunder becomes a way of life for a group of men in a society, over the course of time they create for themselves a legal system that authorizes it and a moral code that glorifies it." --Frederic BastiatAnd, Val, our discussion on so-called "Drivers Licenses" reveals another similar con-job. And it's the second point that defines the trend-line which reveals a "legal system that authorizes [plunder] and a moral code that glorifies it".
Clearly, restricting travel completely discredits any country that claims freedom. It's simple common sense. And in fact, that obvious common sense was enshrined in early U.S. jurisprudence. Like this:
"Complete freedom of the highways is so old and well established a blessing that we have forgotten the days of the Robber Barons and toll roads, and yet, under an act like this, arbitrarily administered, the highways may be completely monopolized, if, through lack of interest, the people submit, then they may look to see the most sacred of their liberties taken from them one by one, by more or less rapid encroachment." --Justice Tolman, Robertson v Department of Public Works, 180 Wash 133, 147.And this:
"Personal liberty largely consists of the Right of locomotion - to go where and when one pleases... The Right of the Citizen to travel upon the public highways and to transport his property thereon, by horsedrawn carriage, wagon, or automobile, is not a mere privilege which may be permitted or prohibited at will, but the common Right which he has under his Right to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. --II Am. Jur. (1st). Constitutional Law, Sect. 329, p. 1135.and further...
"Personal liberty - consists of the power of locomotion, of changing situations, of removing one's person to whatever place one's inclination may direct, without imprisonment or restraint unless by due process of law." --1 Blackstone's Commentary 134; Hare, Constitution__.777; Bovier's Law Dictionary, 1914 ed., Black's Law Dictionary, 5th ed.
"The use of the highways for the purpose of travel and transportation is not a mere privilege, but a common and fundamental Right of which the public and the individual cannot be rightfully deprived."(emphasis added) --Chicago Motor Coach v Chicago, 169 NE 22; Ligare v Chicago, 28 NE 934; Boon v Clark, 214 SSW 607; 25 Am. Jur. (1st) Highways Sect. 163.and...
"The Right of the Citizen to travel upon the public highways and to transport his property thereon, either by horse drawn carriage or by automobile, is not a mere privilege which a city can prohibit or permit at will, but a common Right which he has under the right to life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness."(emphasis added) --Thompson v Smith, 154 SE 579.There are many other cases. Just ask.
Despite this clear common sense principle, legally defined as well, once again, the establishment successfully foisted corporate/business limitations onto us flesh-and-blood humans, who, incidentally, are completely superior to those folks clearly recognized as "public SERVANTS."
In the following cases, as with the so-called "Personal" Income Tax, you can see how this commercial-activity bait-and-switch was once again pulled off:
"...For while a Citizen has the Right to travel upon the public highways and to transport his property thereon, that Right does not extend to the use of the highways, either in whole or in part, as a place for private gain. For the latter purpose no person has a vested right to use the highways of the state, but is a privilege or a license which the legislature may grant or withhold at its discretion..." --State v Johnson, 243 P 1073; Hadfield, supra; Cummins v Homes, 155 P 171; Packard v Banton, 44 S Ct 257; and other cases too numerous to mention.
"Heretofore the court has held, and we think correctly, that while a Citizen has the Right to travel upon the public highways and to transport his property thereon, that Right does not extend to the use of the highways, either in whole or in part, as a place of business for private gain." --Barney v Board of Railroad Commissioners, 17 P 2nd 82; Willis v Buck, 263 P 982.and...
"The right of the citizen to travel upon the highway and to transport his property thereon, in the ordinary course of life and business, differs radically and obviously from that of one who makes the highway his place of business for private gain in the running of a stagecoach or omnibus." --State v City of Spokane, 186 P 864.There are a bunch more such cases. Just ask.
So, when the illegitimate establishment drilled you into believing "driving is a privilege," "driving is a privilege," they neglected to tell you that was only if you were engaged in commercial activity.
Clearly then, the first and probably only thing you should say to a uniformed highway brigand who pulls you over with flashing lights is (and record the interaction), "What made you think I was engaged in commercial activity, officer?"